The Bavarian king, Ludwig I, set forth plans to rename the settlement after himself and to start construction of an urban area as a Bavarian rival to Mannheim on the opposite bank.During the failed German revolution of 1848 rebels captured Ludwigshafen, but they were bombarded from Mannheim (rumours said the Mannheimers didn't aim at the revolutionaries, but on the rival harbour's infrastructure), and Prussian troops quickly expelled the revolutionaries.The Rhine had become a frontier and the Rheinschanze, cut off politically from Mannheim, lost its function as the neighbouring city's military bulwark.
Among its cultural facilities are the Staatsphilharmonie Rheinland-Pfalz. the Romans conquered the region, and a Roman auxiliary fort was constructed near the present suburb of Rheingönheim.Oggersheim in particular gained some importance, after the construction of both a small palace serving as secondary residence for the Elector, and the famous pilgrimage church, Wallfahrtskirche.For some weeks in 1782, the great German writer and playwright Friedrich Schiller lived in Oggersheim, on flight from his native Württemberg).Their activities marked the beginning of the civilian use of the Rheinschanze.The year 1844 was the official birth of Ludwigshafen, when Lichtenberger sold this property to the state of Bavaria (Bayern), and the military title of the fortress was finally removed.
In the area between the city centre and those two suburbs new quarters (“North” and “South”) were built after (then) modern urban development plans.Because the ground was marshy and too low to be protected from Rhine floods, all the new houses were built on raised ground, sometimes as high as 5 metres above the original ground.Later, the Rheinschanze with its winter-proof harbour basin (created by a flood in 1824) was used as trading post. fickpartner finden Mönchengladbach Hornig died in 1819, but Johann Heinrich Scharpff, a businessman from Speyer, continued Hornig's plans, which were then turned over to his son-in-law, Philipp Markus Lichtenberger, in 1830.From then on, the city's rapid growth and wealth were linked to BASF's success and its expansion into becoming one of the world's most important chemical companies.
Ludwigshafen also became home to several other rapidly growing chemical companies, including Friedrich Raschig Gmb H, the Benckiser company (founded by Johann Benckiser), Giulini Brothers, Grünzweig&Hartmann AG, and the Knoll AG. It is located on the Rhine river opposite Mannheim.With Mannheim, Heidelberg and the surrounding region, it forms the Rhine Neckar Area.The year 1865 was an important date in the history of independent Ludwigshafen.After several discussions, BASF decided to move its factories from Mannheim to the Hemshof district, which belonged to Ludwigshafen.